OVERBITE: SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, AND HOW-TO TREAT IT?

by Adeshpal

What’s an Overbite and how is it corrected?

Something is gratifying to the eyes of a tidy, white, and perfectly aligned teeth. Switch on the TV, flip open a magazine or visit the movies and you are inundated with perfect smiles. However, not everybody is so blessed: most children and adults suffer from a malocclusion, one kind of which is an overbite. Before discussing ways of overbite correction, let us take a peek at what an overbite it is, and the reasons it might happen.

What’s a malocclusion?

Malocclusion Classes

The expression “occlusion” identifies the alignment of the teeth. A malocclusion is a misalignment or deviation from a normal occlusion. Overbites, open bites, underbites, and crossbites are all sorts of malocclusions. Overbite is the case when the upper teeth stick out a lot far beyond the lower teeth. Class one is when a regular bite is accompanied by a slight overlap of the top teeth. Class two is recognized while the over-bite is intense, frequently called retrognathic. On the other hand, class three is a severe underbite — if the lower teeth overlap the top teeth. It is known as prognathic.

What causes an overbite?

overbite
Overbite – Braces

The most usual cause is the form or dimensions of the teeth or jaw. It may mean having too much space in the jaw region or too little room to accommodate the teeth. If not treated, the overbite will lead to teeth crowding one another and to grow in jagged form if there’s too little area, or so the teeth will probably be spaced too far apart if the jaw region is too big. 

In babies and children, habits such as thumb-sucking, sustained and constant pacifier use and overuse of a nippled bottle, which causes pushing the tongue from the back of your teeth, may create an overbite. In adolescents and adults, chronic nail-biting and chewing of items such as pens or other things can result in an overbite. Losing teeth with no timely fix may also bring about an overbite. According to the American Dental Association, almost 70 percent of kids exhibit the symptoms of having an overbite. Other causes are:

  • Genetics
  • (TMJ) Temporomandibular joint dysfunction
  • Injury
  • Grinding teeth

What happens if an over bite is not treated?

If left untreated, it could cause significant health complications. Included in these are irreversible harm to teeth like abnormal placement and potential jaw pain, such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ). Your teeth may start to tilt, making it difficult to brush your teeth properly, as some areas of the tooth may not be reachable. Buck teeth are also a kind of overbite. Other overbite complications include:-

  • Sleep apnea
  • Jaw pain
  • Discomfort or pain while eating
  • Severe headaches
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Trouble with fully opening or closing mouth
  • Causing your face’s shape to distort.

An untreated overbite can also radically alter the facial structure and result in problems like low self-esteem. When an overbite in childhood is acute, also continues to worsen, aesthetic corrosion could occur as early as pre-pubescence.

How can I fix an overbite?

Ordinarily, a dentist may refer the patient to an orthodontist for therapy. In children, they’re easier to treat as a kid’s jaw remains in the developmental phases. For kids and teenagers, the most frequent difficulty is crowding of teeth in the mouth. For most individuals with this issue, lack of preventative therapy early in life causes severe symptoms related to overbites.

In any circumstance, the orthodontist or dentist may inspect the region and compose a treatment program that could last for as much as 1 to 2 years or maybe longer. First, x-rays will be required to ascertain the sort of overbite and the association between the teeth and the jaw in deciding the best treatment. Here are some remedies your orthodontist or dentist might recommend correcting an overbite problem:

Kids and Teens

  • Elimination of teeth (making room for permanent teeth to grow in correct shape).
  • Braces: gradually moves the teeth to correct the overbite in addition to the jaw
  • Retainers — apparatus used post-braces that help to maintain the teeth in position
  • Growth modification apparatus (implemented best during growth spurts) — aids to better place the jaw

Adults

  • Braces — shifts just the teeth to correct an overbite
  • Teeth elimination — dentists and orthodontists attempt to steer clear of this process but will do it in quite severe overbite instances to permit the teeth bigger space to grow.
  • Surgery — jaw issues for skeletal-type overbites are only fixable with surgery for elderly adults.

If your overbite is causing any of the issues mentioned above, it’s essential to make an appointment with your oral surgeon or orthodontist for treatment. Whatever the case, for both kids and adults, the best way to stop dental problems from happening is to be sure to stop by a dentist and frequently. 

It’s strongly recommended that kids acquire a checkup by the age of 7 for the discovery of an overbite. Adults will need regular checkups every six to twelve weeks to ensure early intervention and prevent the possibly severe physical consequences of having an overbite untreated.

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