THE FIRST HARTSON
For many years, I have attempted to discover the origin of the very first individual who chose to shorten the HARTSHORN name to HARTSON. It is evident that the HARTSON name was not an original name, but a truncation of the family name of Hartshorn. While no one person can be said to have been the pioneer, the change probably came due to the early pronounciation of the name. "Hart'sn" seemed to be easier to pronounce that "Harts-horn." The transition in spelling appeared to have begun during and after the American Revolution. This change in spelling resulted in the following family members, all of whom originated the lineage of Thomas-1 Hartshorn. I am aware of others but, for the most part, these folks changed the spelling from Hartshorn to Hartson. These are a few of those I have discovered. Others will be added as research continues.
--Derick S. Hartshorn
Andrew HARTSHORN was born on 7 Apr 1755 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. He died on 27 Aug 1809 in Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. Andrew was known as Andrew, Jr., probably to avoid confusion with his cousin Andrew who was born three months prior. A blacksmith, he is credited by some with the invention of the auger.
Andrew HARTSHORN and Elisabeth BALDWIN were married on 28 Nov 1780 in First Church, Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. Married in First Church, Mansfield. Elisabeth BALDWIN (daughter of Ebenezer BALDWIN and Ruth SWIFT) was born on 3 Dec 1763 in Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. She died on 19 Apr 1792 in Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. Among their children was
- Ebenezer HARTSON (born on 11 Feb 1786).
Ferrin HARTSHORN was born before 27 Nov 1814 in Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. He was baptized on 27 Nov 1814 in 1st Church, Norwich, Vermont. He died on 8 Nov 1846 in Norwich, Windsor, Vermont. He was buried in Old Boston Road Cemetery, Norwich, VT. The children, with the exception of Charles, were appointed a guardian, possibly after the death of the mother, Sarah (Smith) Hartshorn. The guardian was Charles Smith, possibly a brother of Sarah.
Henry, S.A., Elmira & Sophronia Hartshorn's Guardianship
State of Vermont } In Probate Court held at Montpelier within and
Washington District } for said district on the 22nd day of September A.D. 1857
Elijah Smith, a Justice of the Peace for the County of Washington certifies to said Court the Henry Hartshorn, a minor over fourteen years of age residing in Moretown, Northfield in said district, personally appeared before herein made choice of Charles Smith for his guardian. Whereupon, the said Charles Smith of Moretown is appointed guardian of said Henry Hartshorn. And at the same time in Court, the said Charles Smith is appointed guardian of Sarah A. Hartshorn, of Manchester, N,H., a minor over fourteen years of age owning property in said district, she having chosen the said Smith for her guardian, and also guardian of Elmira Hartshorn of Moretown, and of Sophronia Hartshorn of Duxbury, minors under the age of fourteen. The said Charles Smith accepts said trust and has given bonds with Wm. Brownell and Leander F. Brownell as sureties to the satisfactionat said Court and according to law. Said guardian is ordered to cause an ordered inventory of the estate of his said awards to said Court within sixty days after the same shall come to his possession or to his knowledge and to render his guardian account to said Court within one year from the 22nd day of September 1857. A letter of guardianship issued in due form of law
A true record. Attest T.R. Merrill, Register
[Probate Court, Montpelier, VT; 1850, Vol. D, page 641]
Ferrin HARTSHORN and Sarah SMITH were married on 15 Mar 1837 in Norwich, Windsor, Vermont. Sarah SMITH (daughter of Samuel SMITH and Nancy STEVENS) died on 27 Sep 1856. Charles Smith was appointed guardian of the minor children 22 Sep 1857. Some records give the parents as Andrew Smith and Almira Gridley. Among their children was:
- Charles HARTSON (born on 31 Jan 1842).
Eliphalet HARTSHORN was born on 7 Jul 1744 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. He died on 25 Apr 1831 in possibly New York. Eliphalet was taxed in 1765 in Northbury Parish on #45. He is listed in an incorporation of Plymouth in 1795. According to an old history, he was lieutenant of Northbury's 2nd Company in 1775, though Washington has now no record of any military service. No listing of this family in the first U.S. Census (1790) has been discerned (as printed), though they seem to have been still in Conn. until some years later when the rest of the family followed the older sons to New York. The marriages of the children probably occurred after leaving Conn., otherwise they would have been recorded as accurately as the births. But vital records not being made during their stay in New York, and church records, if made, have not been discovered.
Eliphalet HARTSHORN and Rebeckah WORDEN were married on 19 Dec 1768 in Waterbury, New Haven, Connecticut. Rebeckah WORDEN (daughter of Thomas WORDEN and Rebeckah HARTSHORN) was born on 5 Jan 1751 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. Among their children was:
iii. David HARTSON (born on 3 Jan 1774).
Daniel HARTSHORN was born on 10 Nov 1749 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. He died in prob. Norwich, Windsor, Vermont. Died, probably, at home of son, Reuben, in Norwich, Vt. Daniel is credited by some with the invention of the buzz-saw. He was an artisan creating ink stands and combs made from horn. Daniel HARTSHORN and Hannah DEXTER were married on 6 Jun 1772 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. Hannah DEXTER (daughter of Isaac DEXTER and Esther DAVIS) was born on 25 Jul 1751 in Mansfield, Tolland, Connecticut. Among their children were:
iv. Nathan HARTSON (born on 26 Mar 1780).
viii. Elijah HARTSON (born on 26 May 1796).
Ephraim M. HARTSHORN was born about 1785 in Danville, Caledonia, Vermont, prob.. He died on 5 May 1849 in McHenry County, Illinois. He served in the military in War of 1812. Ephraim M. Hartshorn served in Capt. Morrill's Co.; Col. Fifield's Regt.detached militia in US service 3 months and 2 days, 1812. He served from May 1st to June 30,1814 in Capt. Haig's Corps. of Light Dragoons. Ephraim served in the War of 1812. Ephraim M. HARTSHORN and Martha ("Patty") CROWELL were married on 25 May 1807 in Danvers, Essex, Massachusetts. Martha ("Patty") CROWELL was born on 12 Dec 1780 in Danvers, Essex, Massachusetts. They had the following child:
ii. Henry HARTSHORN\HARTSON (born on 15 Feb 1811).
Jonathan HARTSHORN was born on 15 Mar 1778 in Wilton, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. He married Alice ODELL on 31 Jul 1811. They had the following child:
i. Jonathan B HARTSON (born about 1818).
John Floyd HARTSHORN was born on 6 Jul 1852 in Exeter, Otsego, New York.
John Floyd HARTSHORN married Jennie PARMALEE. They had the following child:
iii. Charles Veber HARTSON (born on 1 Jun 1887).
George D. HARTSHORN/HARTSON was born on 19 Jun 1812 in Marietta, Washington, Ohio. He died on 5 Mar 1873 in Keosauqua, Van Buren, Iowa. He was buried in Purdom Cemetery, Keosauqua, Iowa. The marriage of George D. Hartson and Amanda Stewart was very brief, her death taking place less than two years after they were married, leaving a young son, Parley, about seven months old. Shortly afterward, George married Louisa Frier, in November, 1841. The marriage record produces only her name. Little is known of her except the surname, Forsyth, that appears in her obituary. She had been married previously. In a family scrapbook was preserved a poem called "The Three Marriages." Quite possibly it was saved because the sentiment expressed in the lines: "It was esteem, expediency, not love, that forged the bands."
Around 1840-50, the spelling of the surname was altered to its present form by many family members. "Hartson" is found on the grave marker for Amanda Stewart, wife of George D. This spelling was also given on the deed for the land at Keosauqua.
George D HARTSHORN/HARTSON married (1) Amanda STEWART on 18 Oct 1839 in Washington Co., Ohio. Amanda STEWART was born about 1818. She died on 26 Jul 1841 in Coal Run, Washington, Ohio. She was buried in Round Bottom Cemetery, Coal Run, Ohio. George D HARTSHORN and Amanda STEWART had the following children:
i. Parley HARTSON was born on 6 Dec 1840 in Coal Run, Washington, Ohio. He died on 23 Dec 1915 in Keosauqua, Van Buren, Iowa. He was buried in Purdom Cemetery, Keosauqua, Iowa. He served in the military in the Civil War. He served in Company H, 19th Iowa in the Civil War, being mustered out after about 3 years service, at Mobile in July, 1865. After the war, he went to Omaha where he remained twenty years, employed in the car shops of the Union Pacific R.R. Co. In 1885 he returned to Keosauqua, settling on a farm near Lebanon where his stepmother, Louisa Hartson, kept house for him until she died. Shortly before his death, he lived with his sister, Clara and brother, William in Keosauqua.
George D HARTSHORN/HARTSON married 2) Louisa (Forsyth) FRIER on 24 Nov 1841 in Coal Run, Washington, Ohio. Louisa (Forsyth) FRIER was born on 5 Jan 1817 in Prince William Co., Virginia. She died on 5 Dec 1901 in Keosauqua, Van Buren, Iowa. Died of heart disease. She was buried in Purdom Cemetery, Keosauqua, Iowa. George D HARTSHORN and Louisa (Forsyth) FRIER had the following children:
i. William M HARTSON (born on 27 Sep 1842).
Ebenezer HARTSHORN was born on 2 Oct 1742 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut and died on 1 Jan 1825 in Franklin, New London, Connecticut. He was known as "Ebenezer ye 3rd." Ebenezer served in the military in the Revolutionary War as a cornet in Capt. James Greens Co., 2nd Connecticut Regmt. Militia, Light Horse.
Ebenezer HARTSHORN and Abigail BARSTOW were married on 16 Oct 1764 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. Abigail BARSTOW (daughter of Jonathan BARSTOW and Abigail HYDE) was born on 19 Jun 1743 and died on 9 May 1827 in Franklin, New London, Connecticut. They had the following child:
vii. Jabez HARTSON (born on 28 Oct 1779).
Derick S. Hartshorn - ©2008