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63. Lydia Ann HARTSHORN14 was born on 16 Jul 1836 in Ohio. She died on 5 Jun 1916 in Olathe, Johnson Co., KA.. She was buried in Olathe Memorial Cemetery, Olathe, Johnson Co., KS.

Copied from the Olathe Daily Mirror of June 8, 1916


Lydia A. Hodges was born in the state of Ohio, July 16, 1836, and died at Olathe (Johnson Co.) Kansas, Monday June 5, 1916, thus rounding out almost eighty years of useful, active, and forceful life.

In the broad sense she was a forceful and masterful woman. Pioneer blood was in her veins. Her father, Dr. George Hartshorn was not only a physician, but was Methodist Preacher of the type that the in the early and middle part of the last century carried the Gospel to the Western Wilderness; and so after Lydia Hartshorn in young womanhood had married W. W. Hodges, a young school teacher, the family went to Wisconsin--then frontier country--and finally in 1869 the Missionary, the Schoolteacher,and Home Builder--always the woman-- came to Kansas by wagon over the trail that led to high hopes in the new country that is now Kansas.

The Hodges family pitched its tent and set up its alter on Block 80,Olathe, and there throughout the struggles of Forty-seven years that home has remained and none has departed therefrom save through the gates to the silent city.

Essentially Lydia A. Hodges was home builder, a family builder, and a character builder. She took the very highest pride in keeping her family together on that sacred spot where she fought out for them the problems of early life and imparted to them the strength of character, firmness of purpose, that business and political integrity and manliness which has enabled her sons to take a commanding place in the business and political affairs of the state.

When the younger son went to Topeka in 1913 to be inaugurated as Governor our great state, there was back of her maternal pride a note almost of regret that the family circle was to be broken even temporarily. An intimate friendship of over 40 years with Mrs. Hodges enables the writer to say that whatever of business and political success has come to Frank and George Hodges, they owe their to their mothers's ideals of true manhood and her wise counsel and her insistence of that ideal.

When the time was ripe for civic improvement in Olathe, it was the son of this woman who led the fight for it and won, and today the magnificent street and sewer improvements in Olathe trace back to the home in Block80. If the statute books of Kansas are filled with progressive laws, in a great measure , these laws are to be credited to the legislature and Governor who received his training in that home. Even the great lumber business of Hodges Brothers is a monument to the mother's business sagacity and ideals.

Lydia Ann HARTSHORN and William Wesley HODGES were married estimated 1855. William Wesley HODGES14 was born in 1829. He was born in 1829 in Virginia. He died in 1883 of Olathe, Kansas. He died in 1883 in Olathe, Johnson Co. KA.. He was also known as William Westley HODGES. He was buried in Olathe Memorial Cemetery, Olathe, Johnson Co., KS. He was in Teacher.

William was a school teacher, a man of fine intellectual and moralcharacter, and while at his death he left his family little materialproperty, he left an honored name and a character which his own childrenstrove to emulate. W. W. Hodges evinced a great fondness for young peopleand had the ability to win their regard and thus did much to influencethe formative character of many youth

Keep in mind the family had arrived in Olathe less than a year prior, wehave not determined when William continued his teaching career in Olathe.

The1870 Olathe City, Olathe Township, Johnson County, Census dated June4,1870, lists William Hodges as a Grocer, Age 31; Lydia as keeping house,Age 24; The oldest child Frank Age 11; George Age 4; Minnie Age 2. Thisresearcher has both William and Lydia as ten years older. If this censuscited age is correct Lydia would have had her first baby at age 13, notan impossibility but improbable from the standards of society at thattime.

The 1850 Census of Richland County, Wisconsin Has Lydia as 14 and thatwould make her age 34 in 1870 which is the correct age as far as thisresearcher can determine. Lydia Ann HARTSHORN and William Wesley HODGES had the following children:



Eunice Daniels HODGES.



Frank HODGES14 was born in 1863. He was born on 19 Sep 1863 in Orion, Richland Co., WI. He appeared in the census enumerated on 25 Jun 1870 in The federal census of 1870 enumerates Francis Hodges with his grandparents George and Betsy Hartshor. [NEED TO DEFINE SENTENCE: AKA (Facts Pg)] He died in 1962 in Olathe, Johnson Co., KS. He was buried in Olathe Memorial Cemetery, Olathe, Johnson Co., KS. He was in Business man, Lumber Yard, Olathe, KS.

The Federal U. S. census of June 12, 1900 enumerates the family of FrankHodges as living in original Town, Olathe; Olathe Twp., Johnson Co., KSas follows.
Hodges, Frank Sr.; born 9/1863; age 36; married 6 years; born WI;lumberman.
Jessie; born 11/1868; age 31; married 6 years; born KS; 1 child born 1child living.
Frank Jr.; born 7/1898; age 1; born KS

Copied from the Johnson County Democrat of September 4. 1947

An interview with Frank Hodges and a young contestant in a model airplanemeet.

There will be plenty young citizens of every age in Olathe (Johnson Co.KS) Friday night as the old settler's celebration opens with a preview ofthe Midwestern States Championship Model Airplane Meet by youngsters fromJohnson county at the court house square.

Friday night at 7:00 contestants, who will compete at the all day meethere next Sunday, will invade the Olathe gathering of seniors and showthem the speedy planes that interest old and young in our air age.

This afternoon at his spacious home, Frank Hodges, Kansas financier,publisher, and lumberman compared notes with Bobby (Red) Sutton whoproudly told Mr. Hodges the performance of of his 75 mile-an-hour modelairplane. Mr. Hodges, who vividly recall his arrival by covered wagon toOlathe on August 12, 1869, told Sutton that the little plane covered moremiles per hour than the wagon train in a week then.

" I remember the date, August 12, 1869 because there was a total eclipseof the sun that day, and the superstitious natives and the ShawneeIndians thought it was the end of the world. While we had come fromWisconsin where there were lots of Indians, we thought all the rough onesin the world were right here in Olathe," he said.

Mr. Hodges recalled his grand father, Dr. George Hartshorn, was a man ofmany talents who formed this wagon train complete with outriders andbuggies, and that the train had gathered Mason City, Iowa, for a generalexodus to more open and "Wilder" country

"My grandfather Hartshorn was a Physician, ordained minister, and lawyer,and he had made and lost several fortunes by 1869. He was a great, huskyman who left the lush lands of Wisconsin for the wild state of Kansas. Weferried across the Misouri (River) on a little boat at Kansas City andparked the somewhat imposing cavalcade on the west side of Main Street atabout where 12th street is now. I remember there were cornfieldsstretching out to the west."

"We finally stopped a Olathe-- my father, mother, brother, sister andI--because my mother was ill, and we have been here ever since-- at leastmy brother, Govenor George H. Hodges and I are still here. Ourgrandfather went on to Princeton while we were bound for Texas, I'venever regretted our decision to grow with Kansas."

"We settled in Olathe on West Park street where we now own three storebuildings; we later moved to a place on west Loula. I remember that therewasn't anything between our house and the Pacific Ocean
except a little back fence."

Mr. Hodges, immaculate in a cool summer suit, rumpled Bobby Sutton'sflaming red hair and chuckled, "I wonder what those Shawnees, with theirwar-paint and black braided hair, would think of this little airplanethat flies faster than the eagle."

From the Olathe Daily News July 7, 1988
Old Settlers

How it was then, later, now

Pat Davis, who used to work at this newspaper, dropped by a copy of anitem that Frank Hodges, Hodges Brothers Farmers' and Builders' Supplies,later the Hodges Lumber Yard had printed up in the form of a hand bill in1921. It makes pretty good reading in 1988. I starts out.

"fifty-two years ago (1869) on a hot August day two canvass coveredwagons , a top buggy and other vehicles, drew up in the shade of a highboard fence surrounding the old Fair Grounds east of the Friscorailroad tracks. The day was blistering hot, the sky was cloudless, theburning wind from the southwest came across a thousand miles of scorchingprairies. Bye and Bye a black piece seemed bitten out of the side of thesun and then a total eclipse blotted out the sun out of the sky, chickenswent to roost and an unearthly light filled the Heavens.

"The cavalcade had driven from near the Minnesota Line. Composing thecaravan was W.W. Hodges his rosy cheek black-eyed little wife , two boysand a girl, Dr. George Hartshorn (physician) and his wife, parent of Mrs.Hodges. That's how we happened to be Old Settlers, and here we will abideforever.

"The prairies were of an emerald grass, now gone forever, a kind whenonce plowed under will never come again. The Sweet Williams starred theprairies as far as they could reach; the flocks of prairie chickens flewup in every slough, the creeks were clear for the water ran off thesod....free land could be had only a few miles away. the finest quartersection (of land) could be bought for $800, a Price which three acrescommands now. (1921). A few dollars cash outlay would keep a family incomfort for a year. Hard wood could be had for a dollar or two a cord;Coal was only $2.50 a ton; corn was 15 to 20 cents a bushel; quails 50cents a dozen; choice beef steaks eight cents a pound.

"we never heard of thoroughbred chickens then. Chickens were chickensexcept the Dominecks.. Bird dogs were not pedigreed then. In those daysyou merely whistled up your dog, threw your muzzle loading gun over yourshoulder, arranged your shot and powder flask , saw to it that you hadyour cap box in your pocket and trudged out across Myers Gant's fieldsand there scare up flock after flock of prairie chickens and kill as manyas you could carry. quails were to small to waste load upon.

"In those good old days we had $1 a day hotels, haircloth sofas,tintypes, congress shoes, livery stables, hoop skirts, kerosene lamps,red underskirts, natural complexions, parlor sea shells, mustache cups,buggy rides, real blonds, sideburns, ten cent shaves, stovepipe hats,hitching posts."

But today (1921)

Hodges goes on under this subtitle"But today we have;

"The movies, manicures, automobiles, 50-cent haircuts, joy rides, tightskirts, $18 shoes, wrist watches, $2.50 wheat, daily baths bridge, whist,silk hose, the shimmy tea wagons, 25-cent shaves, wireless, $100 suits,traffic cops, plucked eyebrows, aeroplanes, and we do business by;telephone, telegraph, trucks, and automobiles and we handle more of it inone day than we used to in six months.

The early days were happy carefree days; they were full of joy, but wewould not go back to them if we could."

And today (1988)

And if he were writing today (1988) he would say:

Today we have video tapes for television, $14 haircuts, tighter skirts,$150 shoes, digital watched, $3.80 wheat (start to get the picture whyfarmers complain?), teens who take two showers a day, make overs, gourmetTV dinners, desktop publishing, stress seminars, and guided tours to findprairie chickens.

The following excerpts are taken from the publication for the 1957Centennial celebration of Olathe, Johnson Co., KS, "Arrows to Atoms1857-1957" a historical album of Olathe. Kansas:

Hodges Bros. Lumber Co are listed as sponsors.
Frank Hodges is listed on page 18 as a teacher at one time in the OlatheRed Brick high school which had a meager beginning in1865.
Olathe Centennial Organization ,page 30, named Frank Hodges as a memberthe committee established to entertain the Celebrities.
Page26, The power of the press... THE JOHNSON COUNTY DEMOCRAT
The Johnson County Democrat under the ownership of George and FrankHodges and the editorship of S. T. (Sam) Seaton began publishing November25, 1921. To start the paper, the subscription list and franking rightsof the DeSoto Eagle Eye were purchased from Mr and Mrs Charlie Ward.

The paper set up shop with a used Linotype machine, small presses and astaff which in the early years included Frank Hodges Jr., Anna Grieves,William P. McGee, Ignatz Adamek, Blanch Wiswell Corlett, Powrie Doctorand others. It was housed at its present location across the street fromthe Courthouse on the west side of the square. In November 1928 theOlathe Register was purchased from Charles O. Horner, well known figurein the Chautauqua business.

Through the years. men of widely varying attributes have occupied theeditor's chair, each leaving with the paper some of the essence of hisintellect and personality. The List of editors includes Sam Seaton, JohnHipp, Vaughn a. Kimball, Paul A. Guess, Charles A. Sanders and William W.Reddig

In a hundred years Johnson County had few Democratic Newspapers. Thefirst newspaper in the county, The Olathe Herold, a democratic paperstarted by John M. Griffen on August 29, 1859 was destroyed duringQuantrails raid on Olathe on September 6, 1862 . and not revived. At thededication of the courthouse in 1892, a second Olathe Herold , Also aDemocratic paper was in existence with T. P. Fulton as editor.

The second Democratic paper in Johnson County started on May 18, 1882, byW. C. Paul was called the Johnson County Democrat. It was consideredsecond to none in the state in editorial and typographical excellence.The Paul family, who were related by marriage to the Taylor Family ofDeSoto, moved to Nashville, Tennessee and the paper went out of business.

When George and Frank started a Democratic newspaper 1n1921 they revivedthe name of its predecessor, The Johnson County Democrat, to define itspolitics and it's intended scope of coverage.
Past president of "The Old Settlers Club" 1917
The First National Bank

The First National Bank of Olathe on the southeast corner of thecourthouse square for the past seventy years, received its charter fromthe treasury dept, bearing the date , June 7, 18887. After informalmeetings early in 1887 , opening its doors for business the followingmonth......

...on the site 1887 stood the grocery store of Price and Welch. J. L.Price , son of a Carolin a planter gave up his grocery when he waselected the first cashier of the bank and utilixe3d his building to housethe bank. As secretary of the bank he kept meticulous minutes recorded inin his beautiful script which are highly prized by the bank today...

The Bank has had only five presidents in It's seventy years, LewisBryfogle, 1887-1907; John l. Pettyjohn, 1907- 1920; Frank R. Ogg,1920-1930; Frank Hodges, 1930-1955, now board chairman Murray H. Hodges.Present day bank directors are...Frank Hodges, Murray H. Hodges. (page39&54)
Fank Hodges, senior member of the Hodges Lumber Company, and one ofOlathe's most capable business men, was born in Wisconsin, September 19,1863, and came to Kansas in (August 12) 1869, in a prairie schooner withhis parents, his brother, George, and his sister, and settled in the thenfrontier town of Olathe.

In his early years Mr. Hodges taught Olathe schools, later becomingengaged in the lumber business with his brother. While he had a veryactive business career, he has given generously of his tome to publicaffairs. He serve as mayor of Olathe for two terms and remembered as themayor "who took the town out of the mud." During his terms as mayor theplan for water and sewage system and universal grading of streets wassponsored and the 20-million gallon reservoir for the waterworks wasbuilt.

Mr Hodges has been Identified with the Democratic party all his life andhas taken a active part in the welfare of the party. During World War II,he was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to the ReconstructionFinance Corporation.

Mr. Hodges is a 32nd degree Scottish Rite Mason and is an ardent lover ofthe out-of-doors, and is known as a big game hunter. (Page 46)
The Hodges Brothers Lumber Company had its beginning in 1889 when GeorgeH. Hodges , a young man, who had worked for the G. B. Shaw and the F. R.Lanter lumber yards, borrowed money from W. H. Betts, Cashier of thePatrons Cooperative Bank, and bought out the Charles Pettigrew lumberyard. This yard was located just west of the Sante Fe tracks diagonallyacross from the present location of the Hodges Brithers lumber warehouse.

A year or two later Frank Hodges, an older brother joined the firm andthus began a joint association in business which has continued unbrokenthroughout the years, although the brothers engaged in wide and variedfields of activity George becoming a prominent politician, statesman andbanker; Frank, a leading businessman, banker, realtor, sportsman and biggame hunter.

The original company expanded until it owned and operated fourteenbuilders supply yards located in various towns in eastern Kansas. Elevenof those branches are still being operated as home-owned yards and theirmanagers live in and are part of the communities which they serve.

It is a significant fact and a point of pride that many of the earlyemployees of the Hodges Brothers company spent almost their entire wholelifetime in the service of the organization:.........(no Hodgesmentioned)(Page 46)
In 1934 George H. and Frank Hodges gave a block of land which lies atPopular and Woodland. (This is the site of the Olathe Swimming Pool)(Page 51)



George Hartshorn HODGES14 was born on 6 Feb 1866 in Orion, Richland, Wisconsin. He was born on 6 Feb 1866 in Orion, Richland Co., WI.. He died on 7 Oct 1947 in Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri. He died on 7 Oct 1947 in Memorial Hospital, Kansas City, Jackson Co., MO.. He was buried on 10 Oct 1947 in Olathe Memorial Cemetery, Olathe, Johnson Co., KS. He was buried in Olathe, Johnson, Kansas. He was in Lumber Yard Owner, Banker, Politican. He served in the military in Adjutant, First Regiment, Kansas National Guard. George was a banker of wide influence in Kansas City and northeast Kansas and author of "Good Roads Law." He was mayor of Olathe, Kansas, member of Kansas state senate, 1905-1913, 19th Governor of Kansas, winning the closest election, 29 votes over Arthur Capper); 1913-15 director of 33 banks, 33nd degree Mason and cousin of Gov. Patterson of Ohio.

Moved to Olathe Kansas at age of 3 with His family.

Comments: George Hartshorn Hodges, Banker, and Mayor of Olathe Kansas. Member of Kansas State Senate 1905-1913; Governor 1913-1915: Author of "Good Roads Law"; 33-Degree Mason; Cousin of Governor Patterson of Ohio and Governor Mann of Virginia
HON. GEORGE H. HODGES, the nineteenth governor of Kansas, was chief executive of the state from January, 1913, to January, 1915. Of his capable administration as governor, marked by progressive leadership throughout, a complete review is given elsewhere in this publication in the chapter devoted to the work of the governors. The following paragraphs serve to supplement that review with some of the more personal details and his place as a Kansas citizen and business man.

A resident of Kansas nearly fifty years, George Hartshorn Hodges was born at Orion, in Richland County, Wisconsin, February 6, 1866, a son ofWilliam W. and Lydia Ann (Hartshorn) Hodges. When he was three years ofage, in 1869, his parents brought him to Kansas and they located at Olathe, in Johnson County, where he has lived almost his entire life. His father was a school teacher, a man of fine intellectual and moral character, and while at his death a few years later he left his family little material property, he left an honored name and a character which his own children strove to emulate. W. W. Hodges evinced a great fondness for young people and had the ability to win their regard and thus did much to influence the formative character of many youth.

Governor Hodges was educated in the public schools of Olathe and in 1886,at the age of twenty, began work as a yardman in a local lumber yard. His work was characterized by more than routine and perfunctory performance .Not only did he distinguish himself by the studious attention to details and the fidelity to duty, but he evidenced a broad sense of business ethics which were exemplified by his later business successes on a larger scale and his career in the public eye. In a short time he was made manager in the lumber yard, and in 1889 he and his brother established a business of their own under the firm name of Hodges Brothers. In this initial enterprise Governor Hodges was advanced sufficient money by a friend to enable him to buy an old yard in a remote part of the City of Olathe. It was with considerable difficulty that he got his business started, and one of the factors in its early success was the liberal expenditure of money for first-class advertising. The firm of Hodges Brothers has been in business since 1889, and it is proprietor of ten or more lumber yards distributed all over this part of the state. Mr. Hodges is a director of the First National Bank of Olathe and several other commercial enterprises. He at one time served as adjutant of the First Regiment Kansas National Guard. He is a Knight of Pythias, an Independent Order of Odd Fellows, a Mason and has attained the thirty-third honorary degree in the Scottish Rite.

Mr. Hodges comes of democratic parentage, his father being a Virginian;in fact, the family tree seems to have borne democratic governors -former Governor Patterson of Ohio, Governor Mann of Virginia and Governor Hodges being distant relatives. At one time he served as a member of the Olathe City Council and his brother and business partner, Frank, was for two terms mayor of that city. Prior to his election as governor, Mr. Hodges served in the Kansas State Senate from 1904 to 1912. He is the second democrat ever elected in Kansas to a state office.

The larger facts of his political experience preceding his election as governor have been well described in an article published about the beginning of Mr. Hodges' administration as governor and written by S. T.Seaton, a well-known Kansas editor. Those paragraphs are given herewith for the value they possess as supplementing the estimation of Governor Hodges' executive administration.

"In 1904 there was a sort of political uprising in the senatorial district composed of Johnson and Miami counties. The republican factions could not agree upon which 'boss' to elect. The democrats had their senatorial convention that year at Paola and placed George H. Hodges in nomination for state senator. He could not make much of a speech in those days, but he was a good rustler and hand shaker, and when the votes we recounted in November his majority in the two counties was something over nine hundred. He thus became a state senator at a time when the people were just awakening to their political rights and it was just dawning upon them that there was such a thing as being progressive.

"In 1908 Senator Hodges was again a candidate for state senator and was again elected by about 1,400 majority. During his eight years' service in the senate he had become a campaign speaker second to none in the state,and his reputation and his ideas had permeated practically every county and town. In 1910 he was a candidate for governor and again carried the Johnson-Miami district by about 700 majority and reduced the republican majority in the state from 45,000 to 16,000. In 1912 he again carried the Johnson-Miami district by about 1,100 and the state by an official majority of twenty-nine.

"In his eight years' service as state senator Governor Hodges was always in the forefront of every fight for the enactment of progressive measures. He was one of the little band of progressives who fought the good fight for those ideas when it took courage to make the fight. During his service as state senator there was at no time more than five democratic members in that body, yet he made himself a recognized leader on the floor of the senate and more than once turned the scale in favor of progressive measures. In those eight years no vote of his was cast against progressive measures, and the soundness and practicability of most of the reform laws enacted during that time are largely due to the wisdom of his counsel and the uncompromising attitude he has at all times taken in support of progressive principles.

"As a member of the railroad committee of the senate he laid the foundation for the present general railroad law. With Senator Stewart of Wichita he brought in a minority report. A majority of the senate was determined that the law should not authorize the railroad commission to begin rate inquiries and proceedings for rate reductions except upon complaint of shippers. Senator Hodges and his associates were equally determined that shippers should not be saddled with the expense of preparing complaints; they insisted that the commission should be authorized to proceed on its own motions. Hodges and his associates were defeated in their efforts at the 1905 session, but two years later the commission was given this authority, which was demanded by the public sentiment which Senator Hodges and his associates had awakened by the discussions in 1905, and it was his support that made possible the enactment of the present public utilities law in 1911. In fact the public utilities law was written by him and three other senators appointed by the Senate. As governor he appointed the first utilities commission to serve Kansas - in fact one of the first commissions appointed in the United States. It was only because Governor Hodges was broad-minded enough to lay aside politics and support the measure, which was being pressed by the preceding administration, that it became a law.

"He introduced and secured the passage of the reciprocal demurrage bill,the coal-weighing bill, the tax on express companies; was joint author of the bill simplifying the Australian ballot law and subsequently made avaliant fight for the enactment of the Massachusetts ballot law, the passage of which as governor he secured from a democratic legislature in1913. Jointly with the senator from Wyandotte County he was author of the anti-pass law; he prepared and secured the passage of a bill making a 15per cent horizontal reduction in the freight rates on grain and grain products. He was one of the few senators who opposed the passage of the inheritance tax law, which was repealed by the democratic legislature in1913. He helped prepare and pass a bank guaranty law, and the anti-lobby bill. His vote made possible the Kansas primary election law, which took the nomination of public officials from the bosses and gave it to the people. He secured the passage of a law requiring railroad companies to block and guard switches for the protection of employees. He supported the bill which strengthened the child labor law and introduced the first measure in the senate providing for the publication of text books and their distribution by the state at actual cost; also the bill requiring reports of accidents should be made to the state factory inspector. The bill requiring a better bond under the laborer's lien law. He supported the workman's compensation and employers' liability laws and secured their amendment and extension from the legislature of 1913. He was the author of the first good roads measure passed in Kansas - was author of the concrete bridge bill and was the pioneer good roads advocate of the Middle West. These are the most important items in Senator Hodges' legislative record."

As governor he achieved a distinction throughout the entire United States by his recommendation that the cumbersome, unwieldily two-house Legislature be abolished and a single legislative body of small membership become the law-making body of the state. His advocacy of the commission form of government for county and state was noteworthy, and it is growing in popular favor. He is a recognized authority on state government and is thoroughly conversant with the delinquencies of the present inefficient form of state and county government.

Mr. Hodges is best known in democratic circles as the man "who made his party over." By the force of his own personality he forced his party to abandon its life-long advocacy of re submission of the prohibitory law sand to become the champion of the strict enforcement of the prohibitory laws of Kansas. During his term of office the illicit sales of intoxicating liquors became almost nil.

For two years Governor Hodges has been constantly speaking in behalf of national prohibition and is recognized as one of the ablest if not the foremost prohibitory speaker of the country.

The above article was copied from Blue Skyways-a service of the Kansas State Library.

1918 KANSAS AND KANSANS Chapter 65 Part 1
[Photograph by Willard, Topeka]

The administration of Governor George H. Hodges achieved much for Kansas .Governor Hodges had much experience in dealing with public institutions of the State. He had served in the Senate with distinction,and was thoroughly familiar with the needs of Kansas and her institutions. He gave the state a genuine, thorough business administration. In the Senate Journal of 1913, at page 847, will be found a review of the administration of Governor Hodges. A careful study of that document will show that much was done for the good of Kansas during his official term.

In the ceremonies of surrendering his office and the installation of his successor, Governor Hodges reviewed the work of his administration. It is the best account of what he accomplished to be found, as follows:

We close our administration today with the consciousness that every obligation, pledged or implied, has been complied with. Of the fourteen platform pledges possible to fulfill, thirteen have been written into the statute books of this state. We have given Kansas the full measure of our limited ability. The public has but scant concern for the retiring public official. His efforts are ended. But they view new officials with an honest measure of expectation. I do not believe it is in bad taste to recount a few of the records of Democratic accomplishment.

We believed, and the public in general thought, that this state was upon a cash basis. We found one-fourth of the 1913 taxes, amounting to$832,000, drawn in advance, and practically all spent, in the liquidation of bills contracted in 1912.

A penitentiary burned to the ground, was committed to our keeping -encumbered with an indebtedness of $19,000. We leave it rebuilt, and in the best physical condition and the best moral condition known in its history.

The finest penal twine plant in the world has been built, and for the first time in the history of the state an adequate supply of filtered water is now furnished the prison.

We leave the beautiful Memorial hall finished, while it was bequeathed to us an enclosed building with a $10,400 indebtedness against it.

We have a state textbook plant that solves the school book question for all time to come.

Both the tuberculosis sanitarium at Norton and the insane asylum at Larned are completed. Sewers, power plants, water supplies, are provided,that will be adequate for the growth of that institution for twenty years to come. The orphan's home at Acheson, the institution for the feeble-minded at Winfield, the state hospital at Osawatomie, have all been provided with adequate water supplies. Silos of 3,000 tons' capacity have been built during the past two years at the state institutions.

Wonderful improvements have been made at the Osawatomie hospital. Food and supplies were being stored in rat-infested vermin-ridden rooms. They are now taken care of in a magnificent fireproof building. A cold storage plant of more than adequate size has been built. Splinter floors and roach-infested wainscoting have been replaced with tiled floors and tiled wainscoting, and the institution is now in splendid physical condition,which should be a pride to the people of the state.

Our great educational institutions, instead of pulling, against each other, are now articulating and working harmoniously one with the other,under a single board. The wonderful improvement made in these institutions is the result of the one board experiment, so-called, and it proved beyond the peradventure of a doubt, that in limited numbers accountability and responsibility defined.

The change in the oil inspection department has netted the state an additional revenue of $35,500 more a year than ever before.

The grain department has been an asset to the state rather than a liability.

We have paid a bond of $211,000 during our administration.

I believe there is directly attributable to the efficiency of the fire marshals's department, almost a million dollars less fire loss a year than in the past.

The obnoxious direct inheritance tax laws were repealed and in lieu thereof a corporation tax law was passed, which has netted the state almost $200,000 the first year of its activity.

The women of Kansas have been recognized by this administration for the first time in the history of the state, and while there was but one position of responsibility held by a woman when I became executive, there are now twenty-three who are a part of this administration; and the board that I deem the most important in the state has as one of its members a woman. We have women superintendents at the schools for the deaf, the blind, the orphan asylum, the girls' industrial school, and women also fill other positions of responsibility. These women appointees have lived up to the full measure of their responsibility.

There has been no department of state that we are responsible for but that has filled every expectation. You will pardon my calling attention to the wonderful record of the bank commissioner's department. There have been eight bank failures and in only one instance was it necessary to appoint a receiver, the cost of such receivership amounting to less than a thousand dollars. The other seven banks that failed were reorganized and put in a going condition at less than an average cost of $225 to each bank. Not a depositor has lost a penny, nor has a dollar been taken from the depositors' guaranty fund to replace any loss. We but ask a comparison in this department, as well as in all others, with former administrations.

We said in the campaign that the departments under our control would be administered economically and with the lowest possible expense. A comparison of the maintenance of all the state institutions - other than educationally - will show a decrease as compared with the expenditures of two years ago.

State institutions have been built that were necessary. Water supplies have been provided. Irrigation plants have been completed. The operations of farming have been increased a hundred per cent, and the decided increase in the number of scholars in our schools have necessitated a greater expenditure than heretofore for educational purposes.

The expense of conducting the department directly under my charge - the executive office and resident - has been $18,000 less during my tenure of office than the amount spent the last two years by my predecessor.

It might not be amiss to speak a word about the greatest social problem that confronts the state, namely, the penitentiary. It has been the interpretation of the pardon board, pardon clerk and myself that when a prisoner serves his minimum sentence he should be paroled if he has a clear prison record. The governor's function in board paroles is merely clerical. He should be relieved of that burden and the action of the board should be final.

The board has paroled a few over 400 during the past two years. In other words, that many prisoners have served their minimum term and have been released. The executive has paroled up to and including December 1, 204.There are men who have not served their minimum. In every case the pardon board has investigated thoroughly and in a painstaking manner, the record of these men, and they have recommended them for executive clemency. The chairman of the board advises me that seventy of these men have been paroled because they were in an advanced stage of consumption, paralyzed or crippled. A number of these men were paroled that they might die outside of the prison walls. Of the 200 given executive clemency, but twenty-seven have violated their paroles. The balance of these men are by their honest efforts winning their way back into society, providing for their wives and families, and becoming constructive citizens. I feel that giving these men a chance to become self supporting is one of the most pleasing duties of an executive.

It is true that divers and sundry rumors have been set afloat in opposing papers saying that we had been overstepping the bounds of reason in the matter of paroles, but we do not feel that we have.

A commission has been appointed, and their recommendations are filed in the office of the governor-elect for the further improvements of the Kansas penitentiary, and I feel that it is highly important that the men who are confined behind the prison walls should be housed in such a manner that when they have served their minimum sentence they will not leave the prison infected with tuberculosis, as quite a percentage of the men now are.

The experience of my tenure of office emphasizes to me the necessity of a change in the departments of state to procure that which the public desires - greater efficiency and more economy. The shortened ballot and a legislature consisting of one body of a small number of legislators, will be a step in the direction of a solution of the problem. The same recommendation applies with equal force to county officials.

The prohibition laws of our State have been enforced equally as well if not better than ever in the history of Kansas.

In looking back over the efforts of the various departments of this administration the past two years, I commend myself upon having appointed loyal, efficient Kansans, who have placed their state obligations above personal desire or politics. I have given this state my best efforts and I feel more than satisfied with the results accomplished, and while it perhaps may be presumptuous to prophesy, but I doubt very much whether there will be a single law of moment passed by the last legislature that will be repealed, or that a single policy of moment now in effect in any of the state departments will be changed. Minor details may be changed,as is always the case, as we correct by the benefits of experience.

I bespeak for my successors from the Democratic papers of this state,that which has been denied me by the Republican press - the truth. I earnestly hope that the citizenship of Kansas, irrespective of politics,will co-operate with the governor of this State in each and every righteous endeavor that he may attempt. I earnestly wish for him a successful administration. Our love for our great commonwealth and our loyalty to Kansas, not only inspires me, but should inspire every Kansan,irrespective of politics, to be ready to assist in any and every manner whatsoever for the continued growth, prosperity and upbuilding of the great Sunflower state.

The above article was copied from Blue Skyways-a service of the Kansas State Library.

Obituary of George Hodges, from The Olathe Mirror, Olathe Kansas
Former Govenor Passes Away At Age 81
George H. Hodges, former Govenor of Kansas, Olathe lumberman and bankerdied about 8 o'clock Tuesday evening at the Memorial hospital, Kansas City MO. He was 81 years old.

Mr Hodges became ill Tuesday afternoon while attending a meeting of the board of directors of the City National Bank and Trust company. His wife Mrs. Ora M. Hodges was waiting for him when the meeting ended and noticed he was pale and ill. A physician was called and she accompanied him to the hospital. He became unconscious around 6 o'clock and died two hours after. Death was caused by a coronary occlusion according to physicians.

With him when death came were Mrs. Hodges and his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Langworthy 2215 West Sixty-fifth street;his son Murray H Hodges and his niece and her husband Mr. and Mrs. William Benton.

Mr. Hodges had not led an active business or political life since 1920when he was seriously ill.

First Democratic Governor;
He was elected the first Democratic Governor of Kansas in 1912 by a majority of 29 votes over Arthur Capper, veteran United States Senator. He had previously served two 4-year terms as a State Senator where he introduced the Hodges road law which advocated the principles of permitting the petitioners for a road to create there own benefit district. Govenor Hodges was the first to propose the unicameral State Legislature, advocating that the legislative body remain in continual session. For years he received letters from students of government from many parts of the world. He was a strong advocate of national prohibition and was on the lecture platform for that cause for some time after leaving the governors chair.

During the first World War he was a major in the Red Cross and was decorated by King Albert of Belgium. He was instrumental in sending50,000 barrels of flour to the hungry in Belgium. He had the wheat donated by the farmers, the milling donated by millers and the transportation to the seaboard by the railroads.

Mr. Hodges was delegated to the Democratic convention at San Francisco in1920 and was considered as the selection for vice-president on that ticket, which he declined.

Old Resident:
He was one of the oldest residents of this community. Born February 6,1866, in Orion WI He came to Johnson County with his parents, William W. Hodges and Lydia Anna Hodges, in 1869 making the trip in a covered wagon.

He attended public schools in Olathe and with his brother, Frank Hodges,entered business here in 1886. He was a partner with his brother in the firm of Hodges Bros., which operated a chain of fourteen lumber yards,have wide banking interests and business real estate holdings in the county.

He gained success by hard work, having started at the lathing trade,later in 1886 he went to work as a lumber yard salesman and bookkeeper. Three years later with borrowed capital he operate his own lumber yard,delivering his lumber on foot as he owned no team and wagon. Later he was joined by his brother, and the present Hodges Bros. Lumber company was developed.

Director In Bank:
He was among the first directors of the board of the City National Bank and was a director of the First National Bank here and the State Bank of Stanley and the Overland Park Saving and Loan association.
The firm owns the Johnson County Democrat.

He was thirty-third degree mason and is listed in Who's Who.

For the past twenty years following a partial regaining of his health. Mr Hodges spent much of his time in the lobby office at the First National bank greeting old friends and visiting with the public .Saturday afternoons he enjoyed strolling along the street stopping here and there to shake hands and engage in pleasant conversation with old friends and acquaintances. For many years it was his custom to visit with young businessmen listening to their points of view on many subjects and adding a few friendly words of encouragement or a piece of advice from his store of experiences.

Surviving him besides his wife, son, daughter and one brother are four grandchildren.

Funeral services will be held at 2:30 o'clock Friday afternoon in the Christian church. The body will lie in state from 11:00 A. M. to 2:00 P.M. The family requests no flowers. Burial will be in the Olathe cemetery.
The following excerpts are taken from the publication for the 1957Centennial celebration of Olathe, Johnson Co., KS, "Arrows to Atoms1857-1957" a historical album of Olathe. Kansas, page 32:

George Hartshorn Hodges 1866-1947

When George Hartshorn Hodges was elected Govenor of Kansas in1912 he was the second Democrat to be elected in the states fifty-one year history He brought to the office a knowledge of government acquire by study and experience as member of the Olathe city council two years and eight years in the Kansas Senate.

An early advocate of hard surface roads during his years in the Kansas Senate, he was the author of the Hodges rock road law and chairman of committee that wrote the public utility law. He was instrumental in the passage of the two-cent railroad fare law, the anti-pass law , the primary election law, suffrage for women, railroad safety regulations and reduction of freight cars for grain and grain products. He introduced the first bill for the state printing and distribution of texts for public schools.

Early in his public career he advocated the commission form of city government, and the right of referendum and recall. He became a national authority on unicameral state legislature.

During the two years he served as governor of Kansas , with a Democratic majority in the Kansas Legislature, thirteen of the fourteen pledged of the Democratic platform were voted into law. He brought to the office business methods and progressive attitudes.

After women won the right of suffrage in 1912 he appointed twenty three women to important state posts. He took the state educational instructions out of politics by placing them under a non-political administrative board. The bonded debt of the state was paid off. State institutions were built and repaired.

During World War I when Belgium was the victim of German oppression, he appealed to every Kansan to give either two bushels of wheat or a barrel of flower for Belgium relief. In ninety days, 50,000barrels of Kansas flour were on their way. For this service the late King Albert decorated him in 1925 with the Golden Cross, Officer of the Crown.

Although he was not elected to a second term he spoke widely over the nation on public issues and was recognized as prohibition leader. After the United States entered World War I, he served as a Major in the American Red Cross and as a civilian on the staff of Major General Leonard Wood.

In 1920 as a delegate to the Democratic Convention at San Francisco, he one of the nine men who wrote the platform. Upon his return, he suffered a serious illness which ended his active political career . Although his name appeared on the ballot as Democratic candidate fir United Stated Senator, he was unable to campaign.

He was born at Orion, Wisconsin on Feb 6, 1866. He came to Olathe as a small boy in a covered wagon in 1869 withe his parents, his older brother, Frank and a sister. The two boys early began their close business association, first herding the town cows , then lathing houses. For three years George Hodges worked as yardman and bookkeeper in the Olathe lumber yard before starting his own lumber business on a borrowed capital in 1889. In 1891 his brother, Frank, joined him.

During the years that followed their lumber business grew into a countywide business. His his brother, Frank, he began publication of the Johnson, County Democrat in 1921. Hew served as director of several banks. He died October 7, 1947. Those who knew George Hodges best liked him for his humor, courage and kindness.
The Hodges Brothers Lumber Company had its beginning in 1889 when George H. Hodges , a young man, who had worked for the G. B. Shaw and the F. R.Lanter lumber yards, borrowed money from W. H. Betts, Cashier of the Patrons Cooperative Bank, and bought out the Charles Pettigrew lumber



Minnie M. HODGES14 was born in 1869 in Mason City. Cerro Gordo co., IA. She died in 1899 in Olathe, Johnson Co., KS. She was buried in Olathe Memorial Cemetery, Olathe, Johnson Co., KS.

The following excerpts are taken from the publication for the 1957Centennial celebration of Olathe, Johnson Co., KS, "Arrows to Atoms1857-1957" a historical album of Olathe. Kansas, page 42:

An historical photo on page 42 shows members of the social club, TheCatnation club. two of those depicted are Minnie Hodges and Ora Murry,who eventually became Mrs. George Hartshorn Hodges' wife.