1. Thomas HARTSHORN (1) was born about 1614 in England, deposing 3 Apr 1654 that he was age 40. He signed a will on 26 Oct 1681 in Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. The will, No. 10545. is in fair condition in Middlesex County Court House,. The estate was inventoried 18 May 1683 and was entered in Probate 16 June 1683. The will is very brief. The son Thomas is mentioned, perhaps because he is eldest; Benjamin was named executor and had the home place, evidently by previous agreement; daughter Susanna received valuable keepsakes. The others are not mentioned at all, and we have no record of what had been previously given them; some had been put to a trade or profession, and we know that Timothy had enough Reading land to hand down to his children, some of it Hartshorn land. The inventory included "...32 Ackers Land £74" "... tables, chears, books, and other ware £1-7s-0d." Total £122-7s-0d. Sarah's living was carefully provided and laid out, unless she remarry or remove, in which case she was to have only a small yearly sum.

Mr. Bartlett adds the comment that "The will, still to be seen, is in the handwriting of Major Jeremiah Swain, 'the most prominent citizen in Reading in his generation'".
[J. Gardner Bartlett: a Hartshorn family manuscript] He died before 18 May 1683 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts. He had an estate probated on 16 Jun 1683 in Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Thomas Hartshorn (or Hartshorne) arrived about 1636-38 by unknown passage, and settled in Lynn by 1635. Some suggest that he was of Reading, Berkshire, England but parish records there list none of that surname. More probably he was from an area between Derby and Leicestershire.

A tailor, Thomas was living in Reading in 1639, five years before its incorporation in 1644. "About 1640 settled on Elm Street. The old Thomas Hartshorn place remained two hundred years in the family." [Lily Eaton: History of Reading, 1874]. Arnold's history [James N. Arnold: The Arnold Genealogy] also states that a house on a hill was occupied by two Hartshornes who kept tavern, that Reading had 59 houses in 1667, including those of Daniel Hartshorn and Thomas Hartshorn. Probably the name Daniel is a misreading, and Thomas and one of his sons is meant. No other suggestion has been found that any other Hartshorn besides Thomas and Susanna were among the first settlers of Reading. Thomas was recorded as freeman 10 May 1648. A member in full of First Church 29 Sep 1648, his Church rate was £1-9s-7d. Susanna was also a member, and Rev. Samuel Haugh was the pastor.

In 1650, Thomas received a grant of 10 acres; in 1655 a lot in Jeremiah Swain's meadow; in 1665, a lot north of the Ipswich River, and in 1666, land in the Great Swamp. Some of the old land records are clear enough during the twentieth century to show the approximate location of his land.

There is an interesting account in the Ipswich Court Recordsof 28 September 1658 where a John Hakes took action against a Joseph Cooke for his questionable possession of "a mare colt." The action had lasted over six months and the writ was served by Thomas Hartshorn who was serving as constable, an office he held in 1658 and 1672. During the period of litigation, it appears that he had custody of the colt in question. The case was eventually decided for Mr. Cooke.

Thomas was a Reading selectman in 1661and 1667. In 1662, he was one of 20 members who paid a dog-whipper and in 1672 it was voted to hang any dog whose owner refused to pay the dog-whipper. In 1680, Reading enacted that freemen in voting should use Indian corn. In 1677, Mass. state records have a petition from Reading of which Thomas is a signer. He is listed as being a juror during the court held at Hampton on 9 October 1677.

After Susanna's death, several of her children were put out as apprentices, as most of the Lamson children already had been. No legal record of their apprenticeship had been found, except Jonathan. He was on the rolls of the First Church on 6 Apr 1663, by letter from the church in Ipswich.

He was old during the time of King Philip's War but was a sergeant in the Reading Militia Company in 1679.

He was married to Susanna BUCK in 1640 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts.(2) Susanna BUCK(3) (4) was born in 1622 in Kent, England. She died on 18 May 1659 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Henry Bachelor, brewer, of Dover, was of the Parish of St. George, Canterbury, aged ca 35 on 15 Apr 1637, when a license was granted him for marriage with Martha Wilson of the same parish. On passenger list of 1637 is Henry Bachelour of Dover, brewer, and wife Martha and servants: John Buche, Susan Bucke, Samuel Taylor, Marjorie Walker. (reading doubtful). Henry Bachelour settled in Ipswich. He died 02 Feb 1678/9. Martha died 04 Apr 1686 at Ipswich (but possibly in Reading). As the Bachelors were friends, Susanna was probably brought up in that society. In Essex Co. Court Records, we find that after Susanna came out of her apprenticeship, Henry Bachelor sued her for slander, but lost that suit. She retaliated by suing him for detaining her baggage. Thomas HARTSHORN and Susanna BUCK had the following children:

child2 i. Thomas HARTSHORN  was born on 3 Jul 1646 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts and died there the same year.
child+3 ii. Thomas HARTSHORN.
child+4 iii. John HARTSHORN.
child+5 iv. Joseph HARTSHORN.
child+6 v. Benjamin HARTSHORN.
child7 vi. Jonathan HARTSHORN was born on 20 Aug 1656 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts and died on 10 Dec 1672 in Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, appearantly unmarried.
child+8 vii. David HARTSHORN.
child+9 viii. Susannah HARTSHORN.

He was married to Sarah AYERS (daughter of (unknown) AYERS) on 10 Apr 1661 in Reading, Middlesex, Massachusetts.(5) (6)(7) In addition to opposition to the marriage intentions of Sarah to Thomas by her brother William Fellows and John Ayres, Sarah's brothers complained that the William Lamson property had not been valued high enough and his children's rights not properly secured. [Vol. 4:81 & 4:334]
The Petition reads:

Wheras or Brother william Lampson late of Ipswich dyed intestete and Administration granted by the Honered Court at Ipswich at his widow our Sister Sarah Lampson and devided the estate about halfe to her & halfe to the children being eight in number and whereas shee being about to change her estate to one Thomas Harteshorne of Redding It was agreed before the marriage he should signe and seale a wrighting to give our sayd sister power & liberty to dispose of the one halfe she brought to him by way of will (of wch there is sufisient wittnes besydes our selues) but by pvidence that wrighting being neglected to be finished before mariage (though then pmised it should be done after) but it is now refused and therby the children of or Brother william Lampson like to suffer And wheras the estate in the Inventory delivered into court was underprised espeshally the Land wch now appeareth to be worth eightye pound wch was then prised but forty foure pound." "Our Humble request to this Honered Court is that the children of our brother may Inioy a pt of the advance of there fathers estate and do humbly intreat (if this Honered Court shall thinke fitt) that the Land may be to pay the childrens portions, it being prised in the Inventory as before exprest & there portions fiftye foure pounds & soe there portions will be advanced twentye six pound & the widdow still haue about halfe the estate and that it would please the court that those children that are put out [apprenticed] may be haue there portions improved for there use & Benifitt || that || when they come to age to reciue the same, that being all (as the case now stands) that they are like to haue there Fathers estate.

Thomas, being an upstanding man and gentleman, wished to avoid becoming embroiled in the controversial nature of an estate fight offered a portion of his property as security for payment of several of the children's portions. The Salem Quarterly Court records the proceedings of the Ipswich Court of 29 March 1659 concerning the administration and division of William Lam[p]son's estate, entered by Robert Lord, court clerk.

Thomas Hartshorne of Redding tendered as security, instead of the land at Ipswich, his house in which he dwells, and fifteen acres of land in Redding, bounded on the north by land of James Pike, on the south by land of Walter Fairefield, on the east and west by the common; also three acres of meadow at Reeva [Revere?] in the same town, bounded on the north by the meadow of Henry Felch and by the common on the other three sides; also four acres of meadow in the great meadow in the bounds of Lynn, bounded on the north bu the meadow of Edward Hutcheson, on the south by the meadow of Isaack Harte, on the west by the common, and on the east by Isaack Hart's farm.

Vol. 4:81 81: Thomas Hartshorn, 10:10:1661, gave as security "...the house in Redding where he now dwells with 15 A.------------ and 7 A.---------- and was accepted in place of the security formerly given Mar. 29, 1659 (sic) (see Ipswich Court Rec.) for payment of their several portions to the children of William Lamson, deceased." (The first bonds must under date 1660, not 1659.) The children were: "eldest son, 16 yrs.; next, 9; third, 2; and the youngest 24 weeks; daus. aged 14, 7, 5, and 4, respectively. Account against John and the other children by Anthony Potter, 29 March 1682 [Essex files XXXVII:18]

Some historians have suggested that Thomas' second wife wife was Hannah who "was received from the Ipswich church to Reading July 20, 1673" (Wm. R. Cutter: New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, 1913). As his first wife, Susannah Buck, died 18 March 1659/60 and he married Sarah (Ayres) Lamson on 21 April 1661, that would allow thirteen months between those marriages. The customary period of mourning was normally a year. If Thomas had married prior to his marriage to Susannah, no records or children are known to exist. His first child, a son named Thomas who died shortly after birth, might indicate that the family custom was to name the eldest child after the father. This pattern followed for the majority of Thomas' sons. The next son, also named Thomas seems to confirm this strong preference. As his widow Sarah died in 1690 it would appear evident that she was his last wife. With the confusion of early records and the fact that the wife of his son, Thomas, died on 20 July 1673 in Reading it would not be safe to presume that Thomas had more than two wives.
Sarah AYERS(8) (9) was born about 1615 in England. Sarah's ancestry can not be determined. She may have accompanied her brother, John, from England but there is no evidence that her father was the John Ayres of Salisbury or any other emigrant to New England.

The following account makes an erroneous assumption: "Although there is no record of the marriage of William Lamson and Sarah Ayers, it is supposed that she was the daughter of John Ayers of Salisbury for the following reasons: His eldest son, Captain John Ayers, married as his second wife Susanna, daughter of Mark Symonds of Ipswich. In Nov., 1672, he sold all his rights in Ipswich, the following quotation, "belonging to my father-in-law Mark Symonds....", proving his wife to have been the (only) daughter of Mark Symonds, Susanna." [Descendants of William Lamson, by Wm. J. Lamson]. John Ayres of Salisbury was not the father of Capt. John2 Ayres of Ipswich and Brookfield. The John1 Ayres of Salisbury had a son, John2 who married (1) Sarah Williams and (2) Mary Woodham. His eight children are documented, none of which was a Sarah. Of John1 of Salisbury, Rosalie Fellows Bailey (New England Heritage of Rosmaniere, Ayer, Farwell and Bourne Families) says, "There is no need to confuse him with his younger contemporary, John Ayres, tenant farmer of nearby Ipswich, Mass. and later Brookfield."


"In 1661 when Sarah Lampson, widow of William Lampson , proposed to marry Thomas Hartshorn of Reading, John Ayers refers to the aforesaid William Lamson as his brother. His wife, Susanna, being an only daughter it is supposed that Sarah Lamson, widow, was his own sister." This statement is true and only reflects that she was the sister of Capt. John1 Ayres, of unknown ancestry.
Thomas HARTSHORN and Sarah AYERS had the following children:

child+10 i. Timothy HARTSHORN.

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